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Daily manna from the Torah by Dr Ketriel Blad

Acharei mot 29-3

After dying

Leviticus 16:25-34

...because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins.

Lev. 16:30 NIV

Why did Yeshua not die on Yom Kippur?

  Yom kippur is the day when all the sins of Israel are forgiven. However, by deduction, we see that only sins committed against the Eternal are forgiven by Him. It's true that all sins that men commit are against the Eternal, directly or indirectly, even the ones committed against fellowmen because all sins hurt the Eternal. But even though the Eternal forgives sin we've done against Him through sinning against our fellowmen, He can't forgive the damage we've done against our fellowmen. They have to forgive us.

The Talmud teaches: "One who asks pardon of his neighbour needs do so no more than three times." (Yoma 87a).

Yeshua says: "For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins." (Matt. 6:14-15 NIV)

The message of the Torah is that in only one day the sin of all the people will be atoned for and the people cleansed. How great is the Eternal's forgiveness!

Now, in its prophetic dimension, this text speaks of the death of Yeshua which caused the atonement in heaven not only of Israel but of the whole world; as it is written in 1 John 2:2: "He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world."

If the death of Yeshua causes atonement in heaven, why didn’t he die in Yom HaKippurim instead of in Pesach?

I would like to present two points of view:

  1. The people's redemption started in Pesach but it won't finish until Yom Kippur. The redemptive work had to start in Pesach, because that's the month of the deliverance from slavery. But the final redemption won't be in Pesach but in Yom Kippur. In that way the effects of Yeshua's death in Pesach are included and concluded in Kippur. On that, day sin from the souls of the redeemed ones will be finally removed forever, as it's written in Jeremiah 50:20: "In those days, at that time, "declares the LORD, "search will be made for Israel's guilt, but there will be none, and for the sins of Judah, but none will be found, for I will forgive the remnant I spare."" (NIV) An in Zechariah 3:8-10 itıs written:"' Listen, O high priest Joshua and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch. See, the stone I have set in front of Joshua! There are seven eyes on that one stone, and I will engrave an inscription on it,' says the LORD Almighty, 'and I will remove the sin of this land in a single day. "ŒIn that day each of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and fig tree,' declares the LORD Almighty." (NIV)

  2. There is an interesting relationship between the tenth day of the first month and the tenth day of the seventh month. If we divide the Hebrew calendar in two and we overlap the seventh month on the first one, we see that the 10th day of the seventh month matches with the 10th of the first one. The 10th day of the first month was when the lamb of Pesach was chosen to then be sacrificed on the 14th. This matches with the 10th day of the seventh month, Yom Kippur, as it is written in 1 Peter 1:20: "He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake." (NIV) The lamb for the atonement was chosen on the 10th day of the first month not only to be sacrificed on Pesach, the 14th of that month, but prophetically, also for the 10th of the seventh month.

Baruch HaShem!



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